Museum

TUKUL 1: African Prehistory

tukul1 Open air museum Tukul 2 Tukul 3 Tukul 4 panel 1 panel 2 panel 3 panel 4 panel 5 panel 6 panel 7 panel 8 panel 9 Open air museum Tukul 2 Tukul 3 Tukul 4 panel 1 panel 2 panel 3 panel 4 panel 5 panel 6 panel 7 panel 8 panel 9 Open air museum Tukul 2 Tukul 3 Tukul 4 panel 1 panel 2 panel 3 panel 4 panel 5 panel 6 panel 7 panel 8 panel 9

 

Buia

The site

The site, lying about 20 km south of the village of Buia, about 130 km west of Massawa in Erithrean Dancalia, has been systematically investigated since 1994 by the University of Florence, in collaboration with the National Museum of Asmara and the Department of Mines. Several sedimentary fossiliferous formations datable between the end of the Pliocene and the Lower and Middle Pleistocene were found here. Many Oldowan and Acheulean layers were recognized, with fauna typical for a savannah environment with trees and large lakes: elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, equids, bovids, suids, crocodiles, and turtles.


The eroded landscape of Buia

Litic industry from Dandiero

Hominidis


Cranium of Buia

In 1995, a well-preserved human skull, two pelvis fragments, a sacrum, and two lower incisors were found in a level dated to ca. 1.0 Myr.

The skull is very strong, with massive supra-orbital arcades and a reduced brain capacity, calculated between 750 and 800 cc. Along with these features, typical for Homo erectus, there are others, such as the morphology of the parietal bones, which are characteristic of Homo sapiens.

This fossil may thus be a document of a much earlier origin of anatomically modern man than was previously believed.

 

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

E. Abbate, A. Albianelli, A. Azzaroli, M. Benvenuti, T. Berhane, V. Borselli, P. Bruni, G. Ficcarelli, G. Napoleone, M. Papini, L. Rook, M. Sagri, T. Tewolde Medhin, D. Torre 1997, Environmental analysis of the hominid-bearing level in the Danakil Formation (northern Afar Depression, Eritrea), Int. Symposium Flood Basalts, Rifting and Paleoclimates in the Ethiopian Rift and Afar Depression, Addis Abeba, February 3-14.

R. Macchiarelli, L. Bondioli, A. Coppa, L. Rook, Y. Libsekal, E. Abbate 2002, The one-million-year-old human remains from the Danakil (Afar) Depression of Eritrea, 71 Annual Meeting A.A.P.A., Buffalo April, 10-13 2002. Am. J. Phys. Antr., Supplement 34, 104.

L. Rook, A. Kibreab, R. Russom, M. Tecle Tewelde, E. Abbate 2002, The Buia Project: a collaborative geo-paleontological and paleoanthropological research project in Eritrea. Palaeoanthropological Society Meeting. Denver, March 19-20, 2002, Journal of Human Evolution, 42(3), pp. 29-30.


© 2007-2017 Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità. Università di Roma “La Sapienza”. Terms of use